Category: ICT for SDGs

An AI syllabus for Primary & Secondary School Students

Investment in Artificial Intelligence has grown in recent years following advances in Deep Learning, graphics processing power and the wider adoption of open source technologies in businesses. The internet has been a major contributor to the growth of AI datasets that are needed to train neural networks. AI already plays an important part of lives today from job searching, social media, shopping online, down to the maps we use to find our way while driving.

Businesses are increasingly applying narrow forms of AI or automation to their workflows (AI that is trained for a specific task). The compounding effect is the way people work is expected to change significantly. There are pros and cons of introducing automation to a business process, researchers argue businesses should refine a workflow before automating it to reap the benefits. Inevitably this will mean human workers roles will change. There are advantages to this, the human worker may find automation will free up time for more unique complex tasks that keep them engaged. The current generation of AI is suited for repetitive tasks that often bog employees down from what people may consider ‘more meaningful work’.

It does however mean the current generation of workers may have to retrain to adapt to a new role in their organisation. Or if the organisation automates the entire workflow they may become unemployed. Workers from a non-technical background could struggle to adapt in this circumstance and may require assistance in retraining for a new role.

Leading analyst studies have identified that AI is expected to create more jobs than it replaces, however it will create a cultural shift on the types of skills that will be desired in a post-AI world. We will be living in an augmented intelligence world where we will collaborate alongside AI/automated systems. This can make us more efficient in the work we do.

China’s large trained workforce has enabled it to become one of the main manufacturing hubs of the world. It’s government has invested on massive infrastructure projects. It has become a proponent of AI and is introducing AI into many aspects of public interactions (some of questionable ethical use) and is described as an AI Superpower comparable to US tech companies (according to  Kai-fu Lee, former President of Google China).

The Paper, a China news agency announced China’s Education department has planned a 10 volume series of AI textbooks for Chinese primary and secondary school students.

Translation of the article: “The first set of artificial intelligence textbooks in the country will enter Elementary and High Schools next year, and will be welcomed by students in Shanghai”

The first national AI textbook covering elementary school to high school was unveiled in Shanghai.

This set of “The Future of AI on the AI” series plans to publish 10 volumes, and has already published six volumes. They are…
“Amazing Animals on AI”,
“Smart Life on AI”,
“AI in Deformation Workshop”,
“AI on Pets”,
“AI Super Engineer”,
“After Heroes of AI – Python”,
and the remaining four volumes…
“AI in the future town”,
“AI in the Wonderful World”,
“AI Super Designer”,
“Application and Exploration of AI”
will be published in the first half of 2019.

Hundreds of elementary and high schools across China will introduce this series as elective courses or school-based courses. Among them, more than 100 elementary and high schools in Shanghai Jiading and Kunming, Yunnan will become the first batch of “Excellent AI Education Model Schools”. After the spring of 2019, many schools in Shanghai Minhang, Yangpu, Jing’an, Huangpu, Baoshan and other districts will continue to use this series of textbooks.

Recently, at the “AI Future Intelligence Creator – Artificial Intelligence Education Seminar and ‘Artificial Intelligence Excellence Course Series” conference held by East China Normal University, the reporter of was informed of the above news.

Artificial Intelligence textbooks for schools in China

“The Future AI on the AI – the series of artificial intelligence boutique courses in elementary and high schools” has published 6 volumes of cover photos. East China Normal University Press

The textbook has been preliminarily tested in some schools in Jiading, Shanghai.

“Why should elementary and high school students learn artificial intelligence knowledge in order to enable them to adapt to the era when robots are everywhere and artificial intelligence is everywhere.” Professor Wang Jiqing, editor-in-chief of the series and the Institute of Curriculum and Teaching, East China Normal University, said that the series is combined with China. The implementation status of artificial intelligence education in primary and secondary schools is a small junior high-through course system jointly developed by many scholars in education, experts in the field of artificial intelligence, managers in education departments, and first-line science and technology teachers.

The course organises the course content according to the differences in students’ cognitive ability and knowledge accumulation in different sections. Each volume is organised on a specific topic, each topic contains 12-14 subject courses and 2-4 active course content. The theme course revolves around the relevant knowledge of artificial intelligence, and the activity curriculum expands and extends the content of the theme course.

Wang Jiqing introduced that this set of artificial intelligence textbooks has been preliminarily tried in Shanghai Jiading No. 1 Middle School, Jiaotong University Middle School Jiading Branch and Jiading Youth Science and Technology Collection Center.
Jiading No. 1 Middle School, Jiaotong University Middle School Jiading Branch has been piloting the “AI behind the AI – Python” course.

Wang Yahua, president of Jiading Youth Science and Technology Center, said that since September this year, the Jiading Youth Science and Technology Center has also opened courses such as “Intelligent Life on AI” and “AI Super Engineer”. So far, it has covered thousands of primary and middle school students and children. Looking forward to such an interesting course, “Can the teacher come back tomorrow?”, “Can I talk to the principal every day?”… The children’s children’s words and expressions express their love for the innovative courses of artificial intelligence.

“We strive to make the artificial intelligence education covered by the whole school, so that the students’ learning experience can be solved from the the knowledgeable to the useful multiple iteration process, to achieve the goal of knowledge literacy and promotion.” What are the pain points? Wang Jiqing said that he hopes that students can complete the actual tasks and have direct experience and deep understanding of the connotation and extension of artificial intelligence, so as to better accept the basic knowledge of artificial intelligence, cultivate innovative thinking and enhance creation. ability.

“The development of artificial intelligence education still has difficulties”

In recent years, domestic support for the development of artificial intelligence education is obvious to all.

Experts attending the meeting introduced that in August 2017, the “New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan” issued by the State Council clearly stated: Implementing the National Intelligence Education Project, setting up artificial intelligence related courses in the primary and secondary schools, and gradually promoting programming education; 2018 In January, the Ministry of Education announced that artificial intelligence, robots, etc. should enter the national high school curriculum.

“While the government strongly supports artificial intelligence education, we must also see that at present, the development of artificial intelligence education industry still has difficulties, such as the lack of a consistent intra-campus curriculum system, the lack of professional teachers, student learning evaluation and other supporting teaching resources, teaching The environment and teaching methods are too monotonous, etc. To this end, a number of experts have spent nearly five months, launching the “AI Future Creativity” course series, covering the teaching needs from elementary to high school.

“How to popularise artificial intelligence education in elementary and high schools is a very urgent task facing China. Many people are paying attention to the popularisation of artificial intelligence and paying attention to artificial intelligence education. It is very gratifying to see the textbooks based on robots covering the whole school.” Fan Lei, a member of the High School Information Technology Curriculum Standards Expert Group and a professor at Capital Normal University, said.

Wang Jian, deputy director of East China Normal University Press, said that as the country raises the development of new technologies such as artificial intelligence to a strategic height, Shanghai has built a process of “a globally influential science and technology center”, and the East China Normal University Press launched A group of books based on AI and STEAM education, “I hope that through our efforts, we will bring children a fun and innovative artificial intelligence education course.”

The Paper – Han Xiaorong (20/11/2018)

It demonstrates that China recognises the changing nature of work in the post AI age and is investing in it’s younger generations to make them competitive in the new age of AI and they will be more prepared than those that didn’t benefit from such training. Although I don’t agree with the way China chooses to apply AI technologies on it’s citizens I do believe AI will affect the way people work all over the world.

In the rest of the world we are not taught AI until later in our education (usually University). To make sure our future generations are prepared for working alongside AI systems and robotics. Our education providers need to evaluate what the future of work will look like and begin leveraging emerging technologies e.g. AI, VR, AR as part of the syllabus. All countries should evaluate what can be done so the adults of tomorrow will have an opportunity to succeed and no one is left behind in this fourth industrial revolution.

Want to Help Save the World? Get involved in the Call For Code Challenge

As the world’s climate continues to undergo gradual changes due to human activity, the number of natural disasters occurring each year continues to grow. Not only are natural disasters becoming more frequent, but they are also becoming increasingly severe, as highlighted by the ongoing recovery of Puerto Rico, which was devastated by a powerful hurricane a little over a year ago.

After recognizing that technology could provide a great deal of help for first responders, a group of professionals, humanitarians, and industry leaders created Call For Code. The mission of Call For Code is to create software tools that could prove transformative for the work undertaken by humanitarian and non-profit organizations alike. Each year, the organization puts out a “call” for software engineers, developers, and IT professionals to lend their skills on a volunteer basis to help tackle complex technical problems that could help change the course of humanity.

What is the focus for the 2018 Call For Code Global Challenge?

As mentioned above, the focus for 2018 is on creating tools that can help to provide assistance both during an in the aftermath of natural disasters. Specifically, this year’s Global Challenge is focused on reducing the disruptive impact of such disasters on human lives, health, and wellbeing. As the first event put on by the Call For Code Global Initiative, this project marks a unique opportunity for artificial intelligence professionals to lend their expertise in a way that can assist the greater good of humanity.

How Can AI be used to Respond to Natural Disasters?

As with many applications of artificial intelligence, the applications of the technology are only limited by the creativeness and ingenuity of developers. For natural disasters, there are a number of positive impacts that artificial intelligence-based software can have. Namely, the ability to utilize machine learning when attempting to comb through large data sets can assist in informing first responders on what their priorities should be.

Additionally, artificial intelligence could be utilized in a proactive manner, assisting humanitarian organizations in predicting which areas will be hardest hit by a particular event. This sort of capability would not only help first responders prepare the necessary equipment and provisions for their response, but could also allow government officials to create effective evacuation plans based on predictive analytics.

Why Should People Join this Effort?

Those with in-depth knowledge of artificial intelligence are in a unique situation. Not only are they highly skilled, but they are oftentimes extremely driven by the transformative power that artificial intelligence will have in the future. However, developing AI software in a corporate setting can oftentimes have drawbacks, namely the fact that developers may sometimes work on projects that they are not passionate about.

If you’re a believer in the positive impact that artificial intelligence will have on humanity, Call For Code presents a great opportunity to help make that change a reality today. While it may be years until AI technology touches the lives of every consumer, first responders and humanitarian organizations do not have the luxury of being able to wait that long. As a result, choosing to answer the Call For Code means that your time and effort could lead to the sort of transformative change you’d like to see in the world in a matter of a few months, as opposed to a few years.

What Projects Can Volunteers Work On?

Volunteers have the ability to work on any type of project that they want. Thanks to the Call For Code Global Initiative’s team-based, competitive format, you are able to pursue any sort of solution that you deem to be effective and meaningful. This format allows teams the freedom to pursue solutions that they believe to be game-changing, but might have been overlooked in the past.

In addition to the freedom to work on any sort of project that you would like, teams are able to leverage numerous datasets provided to them throughout the development process. Data set catalogues from the United Nations and the Red Cross are provided to teams regardless of their project topic, with the hope that they will utilize this data to train any models that are developed in the process. Overall, Call For Code is allowing participants to pursue any solution that the feel would benefit the work of first responders. This is an exciting proposition, and will likely allow for the creation of innovative and groundbreaking solutions along the way.

Here is a brief overview of some of the key projects that Call For Code is looking to accomplish:

Predicting Wildfire Intensity

– This project let’s you tap into the power of Watson Studio to combine machine learning and NASA data sets to help predict the intensity of future wildfires

Identify Cities From Space

– IMB Watson’s Visual Recognition tools could be utilized to spot cities from space at night, which would allow first responders to have an idea of which areas may or may not have electric power available.

Create a Smarter Procurement System with Watson

– Participants have the opportunity to use Watson Knowledge Studio to model the best possible supply chain — a key, yet often overlooked aspect of natural disaster response overlooked in the past.

Create an App to Perform Intelligent Searches on Data

– Such an application could help humanitarian workers search through large data sets to find the information that is related to the situation they are trying to address.

Can Call For Code Help Prevent Loss of Life During Natural Disasters?

Yes, that is the hope! The whole idea behind this year’s Global Challenge is that the creation of software that is custom-build for natural disaster response can help to lessen the devastation felt by those affected by natural disasters. This means that your volunteerism could help to save lives. Not only that, but your work could help to lessen the negative impacts of natural disasters, both in terms of lives lost and damages experienced by communities throughout the world.

Why Does This Initiative Matter?

In short, this initiative matters because it presents developers and artificial intelligence experts a unique opportunity to contribute to a project that might not come across their desk at their day job. Through Call For Code’s competitive, team-based format, anyone can get together with a few of their colleagues and develop a software package that can help change the way that natural disasters are treated by non-profits and humanitarian missions alike.

As you can see, the 2018 competition put on by the Call For Code Global Initiative is set to be an impactful one. I encourage you to participate in this great project, as your work can help to change the scope of how natural disasters are approached throughout the world. If you’d like to find out more about Call For Code, we invite you to check out the organization’s website today. Join us as we answer the Call For Code and help to lessen the pain caused by natural disasters around the globe.

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